Friday, March 2, 2018

Samuel W. Web "PAPER MARBLING, a true abstraction."

Samuel W. Webb marbling from:
 Samuel W. Webb was a little known American marbler who practiced oil based marbling in the early 60's. He marbled on a size of gum tragacanth with lithographic ink thinned with rectified turpentine.  He is mentioned in an early 1963 edition (Vol. I no. 2) of The Guild of Book Workers Journal and was featured in the February 1962 American Artist magazine (below).

In the 1960's there was a renaissance of many things in the U.S. including marbling. I think I started to marble quite by accident some time around '64 or '65 in Provincetown, Cape Cod. We hippies were living in a very small duplex on Commercial Street in front of Yeffe Kimbal's studio cottage. She was making large thick polymer paintings from plastics that her husband had helped develop.

Yeffe Kimbal, American Indian Woman Artist, A painting from her "space period".
 In our tiny backyard were a couple barrels of solvents Yeffe used in her work. I would 'appropriate' a little and mix them with waste paint from my family's little paint store (The Color Bar, Milford, CT) and pour them on any discarded cardboard I could find. I was like a mad crazed scientist/artist high on the fumes from the solvents that I had liberated. One day it rained and I had to pour off the excess water from my half-dried makeshift canvasses. The oily film on the pooled rainwater, when poured off that film printed a simple marbled pattern onto the receiving piece of cardboard ... a light went on in my toasted brain.

From 'American Artist' February 1962.

Saturday, February 3, 2018

70s Hippie Collage Posters

Oil based marbling on waste cardboard used to pick-up the remain of paint from a large marbling tank after printing large fabric pieces. As a Hippie I couldn't afford to buy good paper nor could I afford to waste anything. The pigment was compressed over the 10 foot length of the tank and sspray paint was used for different effect. Discarded magazines were cut up for the collage elements.

Tuesday, January 23, 2018

Marbling Chronology Test from Katherine Loeffler


 Katherine Loeffler combed marbling detail.
A.   713                                   
B.   794                   
C.   1151                    
D.   1447                    
E.   1550-1650          
F.    1500's                    
G.   1586                     
H.   1589                    
I.    1615                        
J.    1627                       
K.   1751                    
L.    1700's                    
M.   1755                    
N.   1775                       
O.   1824                      
P.   1853                     
Q.   1854                          
R.   1881                         
S.   1885                       
T.   1909                          
U.   1920                          
V.   1942                           
W.   1963                         
X.   1975                           
Y.   1983                            
Z.   1989                                                

  1. The 53rd generation of Hiroba family exhibited suminagashi at the Second Industrial Exibition in Japan.
  2. Benjamin Franklin used marbling (nonpariel pattern) to frank (edge print) paper currency.
  3. Sydney Cockerell moved the firm of Douglas Cockerell and Son to Grantchester, a suburb of Cambridge, England.
  4. Birth year of Mustafa Duzgunman, famous Turkish marbler.
  5. First International Martblers' Gathering.
  6. James Sumner published  Mysterious Marbler.
  7. A Buntpapier (endpaper) factory was establish in Leipzig.
  8. A Japanese legend relates that the secret of suminagashi was given to Jiyemon Hiroba by the god Kasugamyojin.
  9. Decorated papers (marbling) appeared in Demark.
  10. Liu Sha Chien - Earliest known marbled papers in China, made with watercolours on size thickened with wheat paste.
  11. The Whole Art of Marbling was published by Peter Cottam.
  12. Necmeddin Okyay, master marbler of Turkey, died.  His specialties were Necmeddin-ebrusu (Flower motifs) and yazili-ebru (a resist technique ).
  13. Near Eastern marbled  pictures and miniatures were created in the Persian, Turkish, and Indian styles.
  14. A document granted the privilege of making streaked (marble) and paste papers to Heinrich Trorbach in Germany.
  15. Suminagashi technique evolved.  The entire supply of suminagashi was reserved for use by the royal court for 400 years.
  16. Sir Francis Bacon wrote about his discoveries of the Turkish marbling process in Sylva Sylvarum.
  17. Phoebe Jane Eston's Marbling - A History and A Bibliography was published by Dawson's Book Shop.  
  18. Earliest known marbled papers in Turkey.
  19. Birth year of Kouichi Yamada, Japanese suminagashi artist who practiced in Otaki, the center of handmade paper-making.
  20. Charles Woolnough's The Art of Marbling describes the entire process of marbling and provides samples of patterns. Since marbling practices had been kept secret within the guilds, Woolnough made himself very unpopular with members of the marbling trade. 
  21. Italy was the European gateway to the Levant and artesans were making marbled papers which were known as 'domino' papers.
  22. Die Fortschritte der Marmorierkunst, by Joseph Halfer, Budapest, revolutionized marbling by introducing pre-prepared marbling colours and carragheen as the size for the marbling bath.
  23. French marblers (dominotiers) form guild under Henry III. 
  24. Rosamond Loring wrote Decorated Book Papers: Being an Account of their Design and Fashion. The Loring Collection, housed in the Houghton Library at Harvard Univ., Cambridge, Massachusetts, is the most outsanding collection of decorted paper in the United States.
  25. George Sandys, an Englishman, publish a description of Turkish marbling techniques, A Relation of a Journey Begun An Dom.
  26. Encyclopedie de sciences, de arts, et des metires ... A reference book technology written by Denis Diderot which names certain marbled patterns and contains well known plates illustrating marbling activities and tools.
    Above - Katherine Loeffler and student in an undated photo. Below are two Paper Moon cards with her marbling.


Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Water-Float MARBLE FINISH ... Popular Mechanics 1945

"Producing imitation marble by means of floating on water is a novelty technique used in finishing turning, handles, small boxes, etc."

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Sunday, January 15, 2017

Pam Smith: 'Evolution of the Mysterious'

Pam Smith is a marbler's marbler.  In front of about 100 book people at the New Mexico History Museum in Santa Fe she recently took everyone there  on a trip back 800 years and returned them to the present state of  marbling or 'ebru' as the Turks call it.

In a lecture Pam called the "Evolution of the Mysterious" she spoke about the earliest Sumi to the latest Ebru and all types of Marbling in between. She was introduced by the current Curator of the Place of Governors Print Shop, Tom Leech, a position Pam held for twenty years.